Category:needs of victims

Who’s the victim? Families of dead Newfoundlanders question role in court system

When victims can’t appear in court, families say photos keep their presence known

By Ariana Kelland, CBC News Posted: Sep 06, 2016 6:00 AM NT

Would you do it? Take the photo of your loved one and put it away to protect the rights of the person accused of killing them?

For families of victims of crime, holding on to a photo or memento of their loved one provides comfort and allows them to be represented in the court proceedings.

But recent cases in Newfoundland and Labrador courtrooms have seen grieving family members forced from the courtroom, and told to remove any items showing the victim in the case.

Hannah Thorne’s family was asked to remove framed photos of the teen during a court appearance in Harbour Grace last week. Alyssa Davis’s family was told to leave the court because they wore shirts with the girl’s photo on it.

‘Keep her present’

“When Triffie was gone we had nothing else left,” said Sarina Wadman, whose older sister Triffie was shot by her ex-boyfriend and left bleeding to death on a St. John’s street in 2011.

“As her sister, I felt it important to keep her present.”

Wadman and her family brought laminated photos of the slain mother of one and buttons bearing her smiling face during each of Trevor Pardy’s court appearances.

“You will grasp those things like you’ve never grasped them before.”

It was never an issue — even when the case went before a jury.

“The victims and the victims’ families need to be more important,” Wadman said, adding for years she felt silenced by the court system in fear of jeopardizing the case against her sister’s killer.

So, what’s the harm in families holding photos in court?

If you ask a defence lawyer, they’ll tell you very bluntly: it could infringe on the rights of the accused and prejudice the case.

Rod Churchill, whose son Matthew was struck and killed at the age of 15, questions the validity of that concern, given that a judge’s role is to be impartial.

“A judge is on the bench for a reason. He’s proven himself to be an impartial person when it comes to the whole legal process, and I can’t see how a picture will influence his decision,” Churchill said.

“Now, I could understand it more if it was a jury. I can see it having possible influence.”

Like the Davis and Thorne families, Churchill was told to leave the photo of his son at home.

‘I’m disappointed’

Asked if the rights of victim’s families and the accused appear balanced, Terri-Lee Coates is quick to say no.

Her brother, Nick Coates, was killed in an impaired driving collision on Kenmount Road in August 2014.

“I don’t think it was fair that the man that killed my brother was not in court. He didn’t have to come see the pain that was on our faces,” Coates said.

“I’ve watched the video of my brother being killed hundreds of times. And he got to sit home with his family.”

Like the Wadmans, the Coates family were allowed to clutch photos of the 27-year-old during Ronald Thistle’s court proceedings. Thistle eventually pleaded guilty and served nine months in jail.

Those photos gave comfort and control — albeit small — during a time of turmoil, Coates said.

She was angry when she heard Alyssa Davis’s family were removed from provincial court because they were wearing T-shirts in support of the deceased teen.

“I don’t think [Sherree Davis] should be told to leave, or take her shirt off or turn it inside out,” Coates said. “Let the mother grieve.”

Heidi Illingworth, executive director of the Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime, said she’s disappointed that judges still ask families to keep tokens of their loved ones out of the courtroom.

“It shows that accused persons rights do trump those of victims,” Illingworth said, adding the accused has constitutionally-based rights and those of victims are only legislatively-based.

“It is unfair and insensitive for victims and their families who are present to represent their loved ones who’ve been taken.”

Thank you to our donors!

Each month, CRCVC staff supports victims in their healing and recovery.  We do so over the telephone, through email and in person.  We provide information and resources to help them navigate the criminal justice system and write to government officials to express victims’ needs and concerns.  We are grateful to our donors for supporting the work we do everyday, and wanted to share with you what we’ve been up to:

  • spent 160 hours responding to calls and emails from persons harmed by serious crime across Canada;
  • supervised two full time placement students from Algonquin College’s Victimology post graduate certificate program;
  • met with the federal Minister of Justice;
  • attended a parole hearing in Laval, QC to support a family whose sister was murdered in 1978;
  • attended a compensation hearing in Ottawa to support a survivor of childhood sexual abuse;
  • attended meetings in Toronto with various stakeholders about the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board;
  • attended and presented at MADD Canada’s national conference for victims of impaired driving;
  • wrote/compiled our monthly newsletter;
  • met with a survivor of intimate partner violence and her daughter who fear the upcoming release of a federal offender;
  • helped a woman, her daughter and nephews apply for compensation to cover the funeral cost of her brother; who died as a result of an assault;
  • raised issues and asked for meetings with government Ministers on behalf of victims who require various services/supports;
  • spoke out in the media about issues affecting crime victims;
  • participated in meetings for a research project on victim resilience;
  • attended meetings in Kingston about victims and the federal corrections/parole systems;
  • wrote to the police on behalf of a woman being criminally harassed by her ex;
  • met with officials from the Department of Justice Canada; and
  • planned a training event for professionals working with people who’ve experienced sexual violence and other traumas.

The Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime offers support, research and education to survivors and stakeholders.

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